“the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping and transforming experience”(Kolb 1984, p. 41).
Kolb (1984) provides one of the most useful models of the adult learning process available.
He suggests that there are four stages which follow on from one another:
Concrete Experience is followed by Reflection on that experience on a personal basis. This may then be followed by the derivation of general rules describing the experience, or the application of known theories to it (Abstract Conceptualisation), and hence to the construction of ways of modifying the next occurrence of the experience (Active Experimentation), leading in turn to the next Concrete Experience. All this may happen in a flash, or over days, weeks or months, depending on the topic.
The most direct application of the model is to use it to ensure that teaching and tutoring activities give full value to each stage of the process.
This process then is directly applicable to experiential learning in a team development setting and forms the basis of programmes designed and used by Team Tactix.